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TP6 The role of interneuron plasticity in the inhibitory control of reaching

Prof. Dr. James Poulet
Little is known about how the plasticity of excitatory input to neocortical GABAergic inhibitory interneurons (INs) is linked to network activity and voluntary behavior. We address this question in layers 2/3 and 5 of the primary motor forelimb cortex (M1) of mice during learning a novel cortically-dependent, sensory-triggered, reaching task. Preliminary extracellular and whole-cell recordings of parvalbumin-expressing perisomatic-inhibitory interneurons (PVIs) and regular spiking, excitatory, neurons in naive, untrained, awake mice show that vibrotactile stimulation of the forepaw triggers an excitatory response in M1 neurons, but no forelimb movement. In trained mice, however, this response is rapidly transformed into a reaching motor command that scales with the distance reached. Intriguingly, the excitatory movement command in PVIs occurs before that in excitatory neurons, moreover optogenetic stimulation of M1 PVIs can evoke complete reaches. Together our data suggests that, rather than inhibiting motor output as proposed by classic models of M1 function, excitatory input to PVIs and subsequent PVI spiking is involved in the release of voluntary movements. Here, our goal is to test the hypothesis that plasticity of excitatory inputs to M1 PVIs during learning drives the recruitment of PVI-evoked reaching. We will perform extracellular and 2-Photon (2P) targeted recordings alongside optogenetic manipulations of PVIs and somatostatin-expressing dendritic-inhibitory INs (SOMIs) before and after learning to reach. Moreover, we will use molecular tools developed and tested from our collaborators in the research unit (RU) to mark and manipulate those interneurons (INs) undergoing plasticity to directly link IN plasticity to M1 circuit dynamics and reaching.



Prof. Dr. Marlene Bartos

Physiologisches Institut I

Universität Freiburg

Hermann-Herder-Str. 7

79104 Freiburg



Prof. Dr. Imre Vida

NeuroCure Cluster of Excellence

Institut für Integrative Neuroanatomie

Charité- Universitätsmedizin Berlin

Philippstraße 12

10115 Berlin


Prof. Dr. Peer Wulff

Physiologisches Institut

Universität Kiel

Hermann-Rodewald-Straße 5

24118 Kiel


Dagmar Sonntag

Physiologisches Institut I

Universität Freiburg

Hermann-Herder-Str. 7

79104 Freiburg

Tel: +49(761) 203-67310

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